What is Bacterial Vaginosis?
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common vaginal infection among women who are at an appropriate age for childbearing. Also known as vaginal bacteriosis, this condition often starts after sexual intercourse is had with a new partner. However, it is not a sexually transmitted infection, although sleeping with multiple partners at the same time seems to be linked with a higher chance of developing BV.
BV is not the same thing as trichomoniasis, or candidiasis (also called yeast infection). These two conditions are not bacterial in nature. Bacterial flora, which occur naturally in a woman’s vagina, can become out of balance, and can lead to the development of BV. However, using certain personal hygiene products, as well as smoking, can increase the chances of it occurring.
Symptoms and Signs of BV
Here are the most common signs that a doctor might notice and use to diagnose BV:
- Gray or white vaginal discharge
- Thin or watery vaginal discharge
- Strong, unpleasant smell from vaginal discharge, that is commonly said to be “fishy”
These are some symptoms that patients might notice themselves, but they are not as common as the signs mentioned above:
- Itching sensation on the outside area of the vagina
- A feeling of burning while urinating
How Common is BV?
The condition affects an estimated 16% in the US (according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), and around 12% to 30% in the UK (according the the National Health Service).
The numbers of pregnant women who are affected by BV is generally higher, but not exceedingly so. However, pregnant women who develop the condition are slightly more likely to have complications with their pregnancy, like giving birth before the typical 37 weeks.
BV Treatment – Consider trying home remedies for bacterial vaginosis
Bacterial vaginosis does not always come with symptoms, and as many as half of the women who experience BV have reported absolutely no symptoms. Doctors claim that there is no treatment necessary if there are no symptoms. This condition can even come and go without any apparent reason, and with nothing being done …